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21.12.22 14:10:29
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국제관계연구소
Vol. 36-2 (August 2021) Why Help North Korea? Foreign Aid to North Korea and Its Determinants, 2002–2018 (Heon Joo Jung, Geonwoo Park, Myeonggeun Ji and Timothy S. Rich)

Since North Korea solicited international assistance due to famine in 1995, the international community has provided billions of dollars of aid to the country. Despite multiple challenges from donors’ perspectives, bilateral donors continue to extend aid grants that play a significant role in sustaining North Korea’s dysfunctional economy. Nevertheless, there are great variations among bilateral donors in terms of aid amounts to North Korea.

This article investigates the determinants of donors’ aid allocation decision to North Korea and finds that dyadic factors diplomatic ties, foreign policy similarities, and bilateral trade volume are significantly associated with some donors’ aid allocation to this country. It shows that, consistent with their aid allocations elsewhere, Nordic Plus donors have different aid policies toward North Korea compared to those of non-Nordic Plus donors. This article suggests the need for donors’ concerted efforts to make changes in North Korean economy and society.

 

Key words: foreign aid, official development assistance, international development cooperation, Nordic Plus group, North Korea, DPRK

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다음글 Vol. 36-2 (August 2021)Ups and Downs: An Analysis of Chinese Image in North Korean Media Based on China-related Reports in Rodong Sinmun from 2009–2020
이전글 Vol. 36-3 (December 2021) Hybrid Challenges in the PRC's Novel Public Opinion Warfare(Youngjune Chung)