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21.08.26 14:34:14
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국제관계연구소
Vol. 36-2 (August 2021) Informal and Reliable: Bolivian Immigrants in Korean Sewing Workshops in the Argentine Garment Industry (Jihye Kim)
At the beginning of Korean migration to Argentina in the 1960s and
1970s, most Korean immigrants in Argentina were intensively involved in
garment sewing and knitting jobs, working as employees at or owners of
Korean workshops subcontracted by Jewish manufacturers. However, due
to the substantial upward mobility of the Korean business community,
eventually Korean workshop owners, out of necessity, started recruiting
workers from outside of their co-ethnic networks. Based on ethnographic
research in Argentina, this study aims to explore why and how Korean
employers have created labor relationships exclusively with Bolivian immigrants in their workshops in the Argentine garment industry with a particular focus on informality. For Korean workshop owners who are managing
their businesses extremely informally, it is strategic to turn to the group
they feel is most trustworthy. Bolivian seamstresses prefer to work for
Korean workshop owners as Korean employers are deemed more dependable, pay on time and in full, and provide relatively better working conditions in comparison to Bolivian employers. This research further proves
that it is particularly crucial for linkages of bounded solidarity and tacit
trust to be established among all actors involved when employment and
business practices are managed in a highly informal environment.

Key words: Korean entrepreneurship, Korean sewing workshops, Bolivian
immigrants, Argentine garment industry, employment relationship
다음글 다음글이(가) 없습니다.
이전글 Vol. 36-2 (August 2021) Framing Immigrant Rights in Politics: Comparative Evidence From Japan and South Korea (Kyunghwan Kim)